For those who enjoy gardening with plants, shrubs, flowers or vegetables, the one of most important aspect is the quality of your soil. The soil make-up can vary drastically from one area to another, and this can make a real difference to what you decide to grow.
New gardeners and people wanting to learn the key types of differing soil could do well to remember the basic descriptions of soil.
The first kind of soil we’re talking about here is clay soil. Clay heavy soil hold a higher water content and are sticky and dense. Waterlogged soils are often clay heavy because they do not drain very well. Clay soil is difficult to work unless adequate compensation is made by the addition of sand to loosen it up. Clay soils that have good drainage are heavy in nutrients, and plants will do very well.
Sandy soil is the exact opposite of clay soil being well draining and lower in plant nutrients. The addition of organic matter to sandy soil will enable it to retain moisture and plant nutrients making it a great for growing and easy to work.
Finally, chalky soil is a gardener’s nightmare and if possible it should be avoided if you’re a keen gardener. Soil with a high alkaline chalk content usually contains many stones that often lead to dry soil and it also doesn’t let plants get the nutrients they need.
These are just some of the types of soil that one can encounter with others being peaty and silty soils. Most can be used by the gardener, however chalky soils require so much additional input such as fertilizers and organic matter that they can seem pointless to work.